Last Lessons we have learned the letters of the Arabic alphabet and diacritics. In this lesson, we will learn about letters that attach before or afterward; i.e. Arabic prefixes and suffixes. We will cover the following:
- The prefix “al-” الـ, which is the definite article in Arabic. It turns an indefinite nouns and adjectives into definite
- The prefix “wa-” و , which is a coordinating conjunction (equivalent to the word “and”), but is attached to the second word
- The suffix “-ah”, indicating the female version of nouns and adjectives.
The common factor among all of prefixes and suffixes in Arabic is that there is no space between them and the word. So it is important to learn them early on while starting to read Arabic words. There are other grammatical items that attach to words, such as object pronouns and possessive pronouns, but we will cover them in later lessons.
The Arabic prefix al- ال – definite article
It is important to observe that a noun in Arabic by default is indefinite, unless it is a proper noun. This means that there is no indefinite article in Arabic similar to “a/an” in English. Therefore, there is only the definite article “al-” is used, for both nouns and adjectives.
The Arabic prefix wa- و
The prefix wa- is the quivalent to “and” in English.
The Arabic suffix -ah ة (the letter taa’ marbootah)
Other Arabic Prefixes and Suffixes
There are other prefixes in suffixes, that we will be covering in the lesson on object pronouns and possessive pronouns.
You can download this lesson on Arabic prefixes and suffixes as part of our Arabic Reading Guide.
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